Piracy in Indian Ocean and Along East African Coast
Pirate activity reaches new high
A big shift is taking place in the rate of piracy in the Gulf of Aden, Indian Ocean and off the east coast of Africa.
Drum Cussac, one of the world's leading anti-piracy and maritime security consultancy firms says that over the past three months (September to November) piracy activity in the Gulf of Aden has dropped dramatically, while activity in the Indian Ocean and along the east coast of Africa have collectively increased nearly 60 percent - reaching an all-time high.
"Just in the last couple of weeks we have seen numerous Pirate Action Groups operating in the northern Somali Basin," said David Pickard, Head of Maritime at Drum Cussac. "This means ship operators in the region may need to consider adjusting their routes and tactics accordingly," he said.
Drum Cussac's Automated Piracy Threat Assessment System (APTAS) is a critical tool for analysing, reporting and making these types of strategic assessments. It enables users to create shipping routes throughout the world by balancing their risk tolerances against known threats and available mitigation measures.
Low risk routes are developed from detailed information and maps generated by APTAS that show users exactly where pirate attacks are occurring, areas of current threat, pirate action group activity and other critical information.
However, even once a route is set, a piracy incident in proximity to any point along the route could change its risk level at any time. When this occurs, APTAS automatically provides users with details on the incident - giving the captain and ship operators an opportunity to modify their route and/or implement appropriate mitigation strategies.
"Getting verified information as it becomes available is critical," Pickard said. "We are seeing that the area of a failed attack remains at high risk for successive attacks over the following hours. APTAS can provide the early warning."
As of 0h00 GMT, 1 December, an analysis of APTAS data showed the following trend of incidents occurring within and outside the Gulf of Aden.
Total number Number of Number of Percentage
of incidents incidents in incidents outside
recorded GoA outside GoA GoA
September 32 16 16 50%
October 40 8 32 80%
November 51 4 47 92%
"The increase of incidents outside of the Gulf of Aden can be partially attributed to the transitioning monsoon seasons and the resulting calmer seas," Pickard said. "But as military efforts and tactics within the Gulf of Aden become more effective, the pirates appear to be seeking out less risky targets in the Indian Ocean and along the East African Coast where military response can be slower."
"Even as the number of incidents is on the rise with the improving weather conditions, the year-over-year data is showing us that robust and effective counter-piracy measures are proving effective in lowering attack success rates," Pickard said. "Having access to piracy incident information both before and during a voyage is a critical part of those measures, as is the effective use of the Best Management Practices (BMP) outlined in the BMP document disseminated by coalition forces."