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Capital Of The Czech Republic

Prague - the city of history and love in the heart of Europe

eTN Staff Writer  Mar 04, 2010

Prague is the capital of the Czech Republic. It has an area of 496 km2 and is home to 1,200,000 people. The year 870, when Prague castle was established, is regarded as the beginning of the city’s existence. However, people inhabited the area in the early Stone Age. In 1918, at the end of World War I, Prague was declared the capital of a new country – Czechoslovakia. In 1993, it became the capital of the then independent Czech Republic.

Prague is situated in the heart of Europe – approximately 600 km from the Baltic, 700 km from the North Sea, and 700km from the Adriatic. Prague is located not a huge distance from other central European cities. Vienna is 300 km away, Bratislava 360 km, Berlin 350 km, Budapest 550 km, Warsaw 630 km, and Copenhagen 750 km.

Prague’s historical center has an area of 866 ha (Hradčany/Prague Castle, Malá Strana/Lesser Town, the Old Town including Charles Bridge and Josefov/Jewish quarter, the New Town, and Vyšehrad quarter. Since 1992, it has been listed by UNESCO as a world cultural heritage site.

Its winding lanes and buildings are typical for Prague city center in every possible architectural style: Romanesque rotundas, Gothic cathedrals, Baroque and Renaissance palaces, art nouveau, neo-classical, cubist and functionalist houses, and contemporary structures.

Prague is one of nine European cities to hold this prestigious title, which it gained thanks to its numerous museums and galleries housing unique collections, tens of theatres, and important concert halls, which host performances by world-famous artists.

Undulating topography gives Prague its inimitable beauty and its stunning panoramic views. Prague’s many hills provide some stunning views. The River Vltava flows through Prague for 31 km, and at its widest, measures 330 m. The Vltava River has created some interesting places in Prague – islands and meanders, providing many idyllic scenes.

A walk through the gas-lit narrow streets, a kiss under a tree in blossom in a Baroque garden, a cruise on a historical steamship, night time at a castle or chateau, a ride on a steam train, a wedding in a chateau park – all of these are ingredients in the cocktail that is Prague. And it’s up to every visitor which ingredients to add.

Famous Czech glass, costume jewelery, celebrated Czech beer, natural cosmetics, culinary specialities, world-famous brand names – all these come with a guarantee of quality and at a very reasonable price.

Golden Prague is the name given to the city during the reign of the Czech King and the Holy Roman Emperor, Charles IV, when the towers of the Prague Castle were covered in gold. Another theory is that Prague was called "Golden" during the reign of Rudolf II who employed alchemists to turn ordinary metals into gold.

The city’s huge number of towers led to the city being called "the City of a hundred spires" several centuries ago. At present, there are around 500 towers in the city.

Prague International Travel Agency exclusively operates incoming tourism to the Czech Republic and Central Europe for incentive tours, conferences, leisure groups, FIT, spa stays, and golf tours. Since 1991, the 15-membered staff provides personal service on a highly-professional level. For more information kindly check their website: .

Prague - the city of history and love in the heart of Europe
Photo from Prague International Travel Agency

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